Getting those Theories into your Head.

It is important that you can quickly reconstruct the theories you have been taught in this subject. This is obvious, however some students make the mistake of not practicing how to reconstruct the theories. These are students who have focused simply on reading in their study rather than reading and writing.

As part of your preparation, you need to work out ways to easily reconstruct theories.

For some exams you are allowed to take in notes with you. In others you must simply rely on your memory.

Remembering the theory

So, how do you remember complex models or frameworks?

One method is to develop a sentence or paragraph where you use the first letter or the first syllable of each word to remind you of part of the model. This is a type of "Phonetic Recall." "Phonetics" is a term describing sounds in our speech. Here we use sounds in our speech to help us "recall" or remember things.

Here are two examples;

Example 1.

We will use "Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs", a famous theory about prioritising human needs developed by an American psychologist; Abraham Maslow.

This may be a theory that you need to use to answer a question in your exam. You first need to be able to reconstruct the theory and then apply it to the information you are analysing. This is a good example where I believe you should practice drawing it out many times as you study for the exam.

I recommend developing a saying to help you remember all the elements. For example, to remember all the levels you could use a saying like; "Peter is Sure that Leo Belongs East of Seattle." This stupid sentence is easy for me to remember, then as I say it I write the first letter of each word next to the levels of the triangle and this helps me remember what the levels are called.

You can then do the same thing to remember each of the elements inside each of the levels.

Example 2.

A complex thing for chemistry students is to learn the periodic table. Most students need to learn all 118 elements.

You can use this memory technique to reconstruct it. For example "He Hasn't Left Because Barry Can Not Offer Frank's New ....." This sentence gives you reminders of the first 2 rows of the table.

I recommend that you practice writing out the theories and frameworks of your subject many times as you study for your exam. For the more complex ones, this memory technique can help you remember what they are.

You can come up with your own sentances using things from your own life; names, places, songs etc.

The structure of the theory

When you are taught a new theory or structure in class it is often presented in a particular format like a table or a diagram. I recommend that you practice memorising it in this same format. The format will in fact help you to remember it. In the examples above the triangle used for Maslow's theory helps you remember while it is very important for the Periodic Table to be laid out in this manner as many chemical concepts are wrapped up in this table shape.